The goals for this stage include creating opportunities for the team members to have more input into what they’re trying to achieve. Teams at this stage are more self motivated, so the leader is able to be much more hands-off. At stage three, leaders should delegate stages in team development responsibilities based on each team member’s strengths and encourage individuals to improve upon weaknesses. During the norming stage, leaders should have a solid understanding of who on their team are natural leaders and who have strong ideas and work ethics.

From a profitability point of view, it can also help to track the time spent on your projects. This way, you’ll know exactly how long everything took and this can help you to improve your pricing and planning on future projects. A kanban board gives you a visual overview of all of the tasks for your project, so you can keep an eye on any bottlenecks or areas of pressure. Tasks can be assigned to team members, departments, and also dates to ensure your project stays on track. Failure to address problems here can result in long-term issues, but once this stage is passed through successfully, things will get easier.

Decoded! The 5 Stages of Team Development Explained

You likely think of how a team facilitates continuous growth, works to develop new skills, and improves performance. What if we told you that the way a team develops is similar to how humans evolve through different life stages? Like children, teams go through their developmental stages and can reach exciting milestones.

Should a conflict ever arise, your team will also know what steps to take to get this conflict resolved. Strong communication skills are the backbone of conflict resolution. With a clear communication plan in place, your team will know how to discuss their issues with the rest of the team in a constructive manner. The fifth stage of group development, also known as the mourning stage, is the final stage a team will go through.

Which stage is your team in?

In the earlier stages of your team’s formation, establish a clear communication plan. A communication plan is an outline of how your team is going to communicate important information to key stakeholders. Clarity on the various avenues of communication allows team members to effectively get work done, understand their roles, and know where to find the information they need about work.

stages in team development

Supervisors during this phase may be more accessible, but tend to remain directive in their guidance of decision-making and professional behaviour. The team members will therefore resolve their differences and members will be able to participate with one another more comfortably. The ideal is that they will not feel that they are being judged, and will therefore share their opinions and views. Mentoring and coaching skills are a must for leaders and managers.

The Tuckman model: 5 stages of team development

This can reduce misunderstandings and help work to progress smoothly. A good way to get any project started is with a kick off meeting. This gives everyone a chance to introduce themselves and establish roles and responsibilities that will help move the project along with ease. In the performing stage, you’ll notice fluidity with communication and overall conversations. This is demonstrated through high morale, productivity and engagement.

stages in team development

Establishing a communication plan can help you do all of these things in a way that’s easy for your team to follow. Whether you’re building a new team or working on a specific project with cross-functional partners, it’s important to establish your team’s mission early on. Setting a goal, even before you start working together, establishes some ground rules to focus on and ensures that everyone is on the same page and moving towards the same goal.

The unconventional guide to performance reviews

The duration for traversing all five phases can range from as short as three months to as long as several years. This timeline depends on both formal and informal leaders’ ability to guide their teams through these stages effectively. The addition of the adjourning stage acknowledges that teams often have a finite lifespan and need to be guided through this final phase effectively to ensure a smooth transition or closure. You might still have to put out the occasional fire, but on high-performing teams, leaders can generally focus on monitoring progress, measuring results and celebrating achievements. Helpful tools include having the right technology and accurate metrics to measure team performance—as well as knowing how to throw a good party.

With this information, the team can begin aspiring to a better team dynamic. A team is a group of individuals who work together toward a common goal. Each member of a team is valuable to the common goal in their own way, using a unique set of skills to fulfill a team role. And yet, everyone on the team shares the same orientation and attitude.

Stages of Team Development [Complete Guide]

Understanding the stages of team development enables you to build successful and high-performing teams. The fourth stage of team development is usually where teams reach their peak performance. This is because the level of cohesion and trust between team members has steadily increased over the three previous stages. Every organisation relies on great teamwork and it’s important to support our teams to work together effectively. Critical points for team development are when you’re onboarding new team members into an existing team, and when you’re bringing a new team together to achieve a particular project. However, as the storming phase subsides and the team progresses through norming and performing stages, its effectiveness increases exponentially.

  • During the Norming stage of team development, team members begin to resolve the discrepancy they felt between their individual expectations and the reality of the team’s experience.
  • Tuckman’s Team and Group Development Model empowers us to understand what stage we are at – and identify actions that we can take to help our team perform better.
  • Each member of a team is valuable to the common goal in their own way, using a unique set of skills to fulfill a team role.
  • So when conflicts do arise, it’s important to resolve them with effective problem-solving as they come instead of avoiding them.
  • There may be regret as the team ends, so a ceremonial acknowledgement of the work and success of the team can be helpful.

The team members may have different opinions, styles, or preferences. The leader’s role is to facilitate communication, resolve conflicts, and encourage participation. The team’s performance is variable, as they are still adjusting and testing each other and the task. An organization is only as strong as the teams it creates to handle various projects.

Forming stage

Ground rules that will govern the team get outlined at the forming stage. Team leaders need to facilitate introductions and highlight each member’s background and skills. By gaining a better understanding of the 5 stages of team development, you should have the tools you need to help your team collaborate more efficiently and productively.