Please join my Telegram Channel and YouTube Channel as well as my Facebook Group to learn more and clear your doubts. All reviews, research, news and assessments of any kind on The Tokenist are compiled using a strict editorial review process by our editorial team. Neither our writers nor our editors receive direct compensation of any kind to publish information on Our company, Tokenist Media LLC, is community supported and may receive a small commission when you purchase products or services through links on our website. Click here for a full list of our partners and an in-depth explanation on how we get paid. Shane first starting working with The Tokenist in September of 2018 — and has happily stuck around ever since.

  • If rumors or significant events take place during the weekend or during a daily closing, when the market opens, traders may rush and buy or sell the market in question en masse.
  • Though its origin is uncertain, it is believed to have been popularized by the Inner Circle Trader.
  • So, if the stock gaps up and the volume is also high, it can be a sign that the stock has further to go on the upside.
  • Because the stock market can be volatile, gaps occur regularly, typically appearing after markets have been closed.

In order to successfully trade gapping stocks, one should use a disciplined set of entry and exit rules to signal trades and minimize risk. Additionally, gap trading strategies can be applied to weekly, end-of-day or intraday gaps. It is important for longer-term investors to understand the mechanics of gaps, as ‘short’ signals can be used as exit signals to sell holdings. Considering the above information, what does ‘trading the gap’ mean?

GAP Trading Strategies

As a result, many gap traders tend to look into particularly volatile sectors of the market – industries like oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, and retail. Interested gap traders will frequently run into discussions of “filled” gaps, causing confusion for newer traders. A gap becomes “filled” when its price returns to the original, pre-gap level. For example, imagine a stock was trading at $32 per share before an overnight gap down occurred, dropping the price down to $27 per share. A gap is an area on a price chart where a share’s price has moved sharply up or down with no trading activity in between.


Always do your own careful due diligence and research before making any trading decisions. There are other causes of gaps such as geopolitical events, monetary policy, and natural disasters. The upward momentum (2), which appeared after the gap-up opening, gave enough reason to enter a long position. The Depth of Market indicator shows sell limit orders (1) and buy limit orders (2). For example, something happens and in the news it is considered a strong bullish impulse.

‍Lesson 1: Fair Value Gap (FVG)‍

More importantly, gap trading seems to offer a way to take advantage of the stock market’s natural volatility. Gaps seem to occur all the time – just look at Gap Inc.’s recent 19% gap down. High trading volume in the direction of a gap is usually a sign that the gap will continue rather than fill, especially if the gap is in the same direction as an underlying trend. Low volume typically signals an exhaustion gap or a coming fill. Given that breakaway gaps start trends, trailing stop-losses are ideal as they allow profits to run.


A full gap occurs when a share’s opening price is higher or lower than the previous day’s closing price and is outside of the price range of the previous trading day. Not only do they make frequent appearances in stock charts, but gaps create opportunities for significant profits due to the volume and volatility that accompanies them. Gaps often materialize due to a catalyst – a bad earnings report, increased guidance, a company scandal, etc.

Fading the gap

In this section, we’ll talk about the four types of gaps that occur, how to identify them, and what sorts of strategies traders use to best capitalize on these different gap types. It is important to know whether a stock has experienced a full or partial gap, since they reflect different levels of market sentiment. A full gap demonstrates that the market has been particularly volatile and that the demand for a particular stock has changed significantly.

How do you identify gap trading?

Gap up stocks are relatively easy to spot on a price chart. Gaps in the market are shown as blank spaces between candlesticks, and gap up stocks are followed by a green candlestick on the open. This shows that there is a rally in price, which can either signal a new trend or it may be an anomaly.

Common gaps and exhaustion gaps are usually the quickest to be filled. These gaps can be a cause for concern for traders, as they can lead to orders not being executed at the desired price. For example, if a stop loss is set at a level of 100, but the market gaps from 101 to 99, the order would have to be executed at 99 – creating more loss. After the move has been underway for a while, somewhere around the middle of the move, prices will gap, this gap is called the runaway gap. In an uptrend, it’s a sign of continuation of a trend; in a downtrend, a sign of continuation of the trend.

Gap candlestick pattern

Many day traders will utilize gap trading in an attempt to shorten their work day, trading to earn their daily profit during the first few hours of the trading day. For a shorter-term gap trader, paying attention to what the stock market is doing in the premarket and after-hours periods is critical. But, gap trading during these time slots comes with increased risk, in part due to the low volume of trades occurring and low liquidity due to the markets being closed. For an investor looking to hold their stocks for a longer period of time, those early mornings, late nights, and increased risk might not be as important. Gaps in stocks occur when a stock’s price jumps suddenly between two candlesticks, leaving behind a vertical gap in a chart. These gaps typically occur in response to after-hours news, but they can also result from a spurt of increased trading in the middle of a larger trend.

  • This material is short term in nature and may only relate to facts and circumstances existing at a specific time or day.
  • Once a stock’s price begins to fall after a gap up (or rise after a gap down), there is little to stop it from filling the gap.
  • This pattern consists of a single candlestick with a nearly identical open and close.
  • Sometimes you will even see them labeled as inefficiencies by other traders.
  • By 11 AM, the shares were trading below $13 and exiting the trade there would lock in a quick 8% gain.

The article is written in simple words so even beginners will be able to understand it, but it also provides useful information for experienced traders. When you’re ready, you can open a live account to start trading on live markets. Let’s look at a couple of ways traders use gaps to their advantage.

Is gap up bullish?

IS A GAP UP BULLISH? Yes, gaps up are usually considered bullish. A gap down is typically the opposite of a gap up, which means the high price, once the market closes, should be lower than yesterday's low price. Thus, gaps down are considered bearish.