In the field of construction, the lifting and handling of large loads are carried out by various machines: the construction crane. This machine can be presented in various forms; however, each of them is specifically dedicated to a fixed job.
Therefore, it is necessary to choose the crane machine that is suitable for the work on your site. Therefore, it is appropriate to present in this section, the types of cranes that exist. So, without further ado, let’s dive into this blog and learn some of the things you need to know about cranes.
What are the categories of cranes?
We distinguish two main categories of cranes:
- Mobile cranes
- Tower cranes.
A company renting construction tools allows you to have them for your various works, and you don’t have to buy them if you need them for a specific task.
The mobile cranes are very often used when there is no other static crane to use. They can be used for works such as tower crane assembly, wind turbine assembly in the energy sector, or for moving industrial machinery. We distinguish three types of mobile cranes:
- Self-propelled cranes
- Self-propelled all-terrain cranes
- Carrier cranes.
As for tower cranes, they are generally fixed to the ground and equipped with a concrete counterweight at the base. These machines are very often needed on infrastructure and building sites. It is not uncommon to find them in shipyards as well.
Tower cranes are often distinguished by a specific equipment, namely the lattice boom. Here we distinguish two types of tower cranes:
- Cranes with elemental assembly
- Cranes with automated assembly.
However, another classification of cranes leads to other types of additional cranes, such as the telescopic crane on tracks, the crane on a trailer, the crane on a carrier, and the crane arm truck.
How to choose the ideal crane for your construction site?
The choice of the right crane for your work site depends on several criteria. The crane accessories should also be taken into account. As criteria there are:
- The height under the hook
- The reach of the boom
- The maximum allowed load
- The power of the crane
- The load at the end.
The telescopic crane on tracks
Most cranes are equipped with hydraulic cylinders. The telescopic crawler crane is no exception. It is known for its long boom to reach the highest working heights.
The boom can be extended in various ways depending on the height required. The telescopic crawler crane is a combination of a crawler frame, a rotating turret, a cabin, and a boom.
The crane on trailer and the crane on carrier
The crane is the handling equipment par excellence. It can do all kinds of work and can sometimes perform specific jobs.
The trailer-mounted crane, for example, has great power. This allows it to perform all functions on a construction site with its incredible lifting capacity. The trailer crane is easy to transport due to its small chassis size and installation.
The carrier crane has a very different profile. It should be noted that it is a crane with two separate cabins. A cabin of the carrier frame containing the organs allowing to drive the vehicle, and a cabin containing the service organs allow the maneuvering of the crane.
The crane arm truck
This is precisely a lifting machine. Of course, it is not only used for that. It can also be used for handling, loading, and transporting. It is a truck on which an auxiliary hydraulic crane can be mounted behind. The truck crane can also be towed in order to be used for the installation of facilities on a construction site.
Sound off in the comments section below, and tell us what you want to read next and if you want to read more about cranes.